Care Transitions Series: Patient Self-Management

Part I:  Understanding the Role of Patient Self-Management in Care Transitions

Providing self-management education and support to patients and caregivers is an essential part of an effective care transition intervention. People with chronic conditions and their families must undertake day-to-day activities to manage their conditions.

These activities, called self-management, involve three different kinds of tasks:

  1. Care of the body and management of the condition
  2. Adapting everyday activities and roles to the condition
  3. Dealing with the emotions arising from having the condition

Self-management support is the care and encouragement provided to people with chronic conditions to help them:

  1. Understand their central role in managing their illness
  2. Make informed decisions about care
  3. Engage in healthy behaviors

Without education and support for patient self-management and involvement in self-management activities by patients and their families, effective care transition interventions cannot be fully realized.  But, with increased independence and a sense of mastery over chronic conditions, the role of patient self-management in care transitions can truly transformed lives.

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