Part I: Understanding the Role of Patient Self-Management in Care Transitions
Providing self-management education and support to patients and caregivers is an essential part of an effective care transition intervention. People with chronic conditions and their families must undertake day-to-day activities to manage their conditions.
These activities, called self-management, involve three different kinds of tasks:
- Care of the body and management of the condition
- Adapting everyday activities and roles to the condition
- Dealing with the emotions arising from having the condition
Self-management support is the care and encouragement provided to people with chronic conditions to help them:
- Understand their central role in managing their illness
- Make informed decisions about care
- Engage in healthy behaviors
Without education and support for patient self-management and involvement in self-management activities by patients and their families, effective care transition interventions cannot be fully realized. But, with increased independence and a sense of mastery over chronic conditions, the role of patient self-management in care transitions can truly transformed lives.